Resume Writing
What is a Resume
A resume is a French word meaning “summary”. That is precisely what your resume is – a summary of the pertinent facts about yourself … your personal, educational, and work history. Although most standard dictionaries spell the word with accents (resume), it is common usage to omit the accents. We do not use accents for a resume. The word is commonly pronounced REZ –oo (like a book) – may.
For the professional, managerial, and office applicant, the resume has become an indispensable job – hunting tool because the resume is so often the deciding factor in determining whether the job – seeker gets that sought – for an interview with the employer. A good resume often acts as “one foot in the door”. Though the primary purpose of a resume is to obtain an interview, even during the interview, a well – prepared resume will be of additional advantage to the applicant for it will provide an important focal point for the conversation between the applicant and the prospective employer.

How to make the best use of your Resume?

An obvious, but limited use of your resume is to send it as an answer to an advertisement, or to a firm where you know an opening exists. If you are employed, we urge caution in answering a “blind” ad. It could be that of your own company.A broader use of your resume is to “ferret” out your own openings. We suggest the following aids
  1. Chamber of Commerce – get a list of firms in the area in which you wish to work. You may obtain a list of industries and firms in any given area by writing to the chamber of commerce in that area (or nearest large city). Some chambers charge, many do not. Your local library is also a good source of information. After obtaining the list, pick out the firms which could logically use your services, and for which you would like to work. (For example Confederation of Indian Industry)
  2. The Classified Telephone Directory – The “Yellow Pages” can provide a valuable source for jobs. Thumb through these pages.
  3. Trade Magazines – If you are a specialist in some field, you should refer to the trade magazines and newspapers that cater to your area of specialization.
  4. Employment Agencies – There are many reliable and active employment agencies that can save you considerable “leg-work” in locating openings. The telephone Yellow Pages give a complete listing of all agencies in your area. There is a growing trend toward specialization among employment agencies. Ask around, then select the agency most active in your field. After registering with an agency, cooperate fully with it. Help the agency to do the job you have asked it to do. Incidentally, many jobs procured through employment agencies are the employer – fee paid – no cost to you.
  5. Help Wanted Columns – Get the newspaper in your area that is known for is its “help wanted” columns
  6. Situations Wanted – You yourself can insert an ad in the so-called situation wanted column of a newspaper. This is seldom a fruitful method of locating worthwhile openings. However, sometimes it’s worth a try. Situations wanted ads in trade papers or trade magazines often bring better success.

Do not confine your approach to large and well – known firms. There are many well – paying, challenging positions in small and middle-sized companies and it is folly to neglect them. Try some of each–large, middle-sized, small, In short, unless you are in highly specialized fields try them all.

Your resume cannot and will not “work” unless you put it to work for you. Your results will be in direct proportion to your conscientiousness in getting it into circulation.

After your resume (with covering letter) has\ been received, you may be called for an interview. Your resume has done its work and the rest is up to you.

Winning at Interviews

Helpful Hints for the Interview

The purpose of the Interview is to evaluate your :

  1. Personality
  2. Background and Qualifications for the Job Sought

The following are suggestions for you to observe in order to do your best in each of the foregoing areas in which you will be appraised during the interview.


Appearance – Be Neat and Look Clean. Simplicity in your Attire is advised – but do not go to Extremes. Here is a special Word of Advice to Female Applicants. A little touch of “color” here and there won’t hurt. It goes without saying that one dresses for the particular occasion. Do not dress gaudily for the Interview.

Courtesy – It is obvious that good manners are important in any circumstance. However, here, just as in the matter of appearance, the golden mean should be exercised. Don’t overdo it but sure, that you display Adequate Respect.

Poise – Be in Command of yourself at all times. Show confidence during the Interview – but not cockiness. Do not resort to objectionable Mannerisms to Control Nervousness.

  1. Don’t talk too much
  2. Don’t chew gum
  3. Don’t fidget in your seat
  4. Don’t show over-anxiousness

You may feel nervous during the interview – so what? It’s Natural under the circumstances. But even if you are ill at ease, it is very unlikely that the Employer knows that you are. Don’t spotlight your nervousness by outward actions.

Frankness – Be very direct in your statements. Don’t try to use embellishments in your remarks. Also, if you do not know the answer – say so.

Vitality – Show that you are interested. Be Alert – but, again, we urge moderation.

Background and Knowledge of Subject

It is understood that, before you go to the interview, you must be prepared to show that you know what you are talking about. Be sure that you review your entire background before you take the interview so that you will express yourself in a Well-Organised manner during the Interview.

The use of correct English is obviously very important in order to make a good impression in an interview.

Interview Strategy

Within the two basic categories listed above, the Jobseeker is advised to make a Further Study or Particular Pointers. The Following Items of Interview Strategy have been developed from the Experience of Hundreds of Interviews. They will prove immeasurably useful if applied to your own interview.

Your Physical Position: Never Lounge on Sprawl to Show that you are ill at ease. Sit erect, not too stiffly. Do not smoke unless given permission to do so. Never fuss with your clothing or with ashtrays.

You’ll probably be a Bit Nervous, but the employer expects that and makes allowances for it.

Your outward attitude: Act Natural, not in a cocky manner. Never apologize for your weaknesses, concentrate on bringing out your strong points. The employer may think that an outward show of overconfidence may be your means of hiding a weakness.

Don’t be a comedian: The employer is not listening to you to hear your wisecracks or small talk. He considers the interview a serious matter and expects you to do so too. Also, his time is limited and he doesn’t expect to be amused by applicants who come to see him about a position.

Don’t try to take over: Giving the impression that you are trying to dominate the interview will do you no good. Let the employer give you the clues. Answer his questions with facts, then wait for his next question with facts, then wait for his next question. Don’t try to use up all the interview time on a single point.

Pay Attention: Your whole interview won’t take more than 20 minutes, at the most. When the employer asks you a question, give him your fullest attention.

Be sure you understand the question: Don’t anticipate and start answering before the question is finished. If you are not clear about the question, restate it in your own words, or ask the employer to clarify the question for you. But don’t quibble about minor points to show that you can outsmart the employer.

Don’t interrupt the employe: Sometimes, instead of coming out directly with a question, he will state a situation and then ask his question. Give him enough time to finish before you begin answering.

Don’t stall on answers: Answer questions as promptly as you can, but take a few seconds first to organize your answer so that you will avoid errors caused by a hasty, ill-considered reply.

Don’t be over-hasty in reply: Answering questions isn’t a race between you and the employer. Don’t try to answer every question with a brief, quick-fire reply. Take enough time to give a full, considered answer to every question.

Don’t try to give the “Answer He Wants”: Many applicants make the mistake of trying to give the employer the answer he wants, instead of an accurate answer. Most employers have long experience in giving interviews, they know when you are trying to play this game with them.

Be consistent: Many employers will take a contrary position merely to see how the applicant reacts. Don’t switch sides just to agree. If you think you are right on a given point, stick with it. Don’t let the questioning turn into a debate. You can only lose.

Admit errors you may make: If some point comes up during the interview in which you have made an error of fact or judgment, don’t be afraid to admit it. The employer knows that you are on the “hot seat” answering his questions without any chance for prolonged consideration or research. Admit your error.

Don’t spend too much time talking about your present job: The employer knows what you are doing now; he is considering you for a better and/or different job. Try to word all your answers in terms of the job for which you are being considered.

Keep to the point: Don’t bring up extraneous matters or tell long anecdotes. If you have to tell about some personal experience, keep it short and leave out minor details.

Don’t over-play your technical knowledge: The employer either knows all the technical language that is involved in your work, or he isn’t interested in it. He is interviewing a person, not a walking technical manual.

Watch your grammar: Avoid the use of slang and be careful to use your best English during your interview. The employer may be alert for slips or grammar, slang or poor word usage.

Don’t bring a pile of exhibits or samples: The interview room isn’t the place to show your letters of reference, clopping’s written papers, etc. unless you have been specifically asked to bring them.

Don’t try “Softsoap”: Be pleasant and act natural, but remember that the employer isn’t auditioning you for a TV Commercial unless, in fact, he is. You can lose the job by overdoing the personal business.

If you know some person in the company, personally or through an association, don’t play it up or try to hide it.

Interview Preparation

A Handy Question – Bank

Here is a Handy Question – Bank for Interview Preparation

Researching the Organisation

  • Who owns the Organization? What is its Product / Service?
  • How is the Organization Structured?
  • How many Outlets / Factories / Office does it have? Where are they?
  • How many different Departments does the organization have? How many Employee is in each Department?
  • Is the organization Secure and Well Established? What is its Reputation?
  • What are its Weakness?
  • What are the Strengths of the Product / Service?
  • What is the Weakness of the Product / Service?
  • How does the Organization sell its Product / Service?
  • What are and where are its customers?
  • What is it Market Share?
  • Is it Market Share Expanding?
  • What is the Market itself like?
  • Is the Market Expanding?
  • Who are the organization’s Competitors?
  • What are the competitors’ products/service, strengths, weakness, market share and so on?

Researching the Job

  • What is the Job Title?
  • What is the purpose?
  • What are its Key Tasks?
  • What knowledge do I need to do the Job well?
  • What Skills do I need to do the job well?
  • Are there are special requirements for the job?
  • What are the main terms and conditions of the job?

Researching the Interview

  • Be prepared Be Punctual
  • Take Care of your appearance Relax
  • Speak Well
  • Listen to the Question
  • Look at the interviewer Be friendly
  • Be polite Be calm
  • Expand your answer Be positive
  • Put across your strengths Substantiate your answers Be truthful


  • Be a Creep
  • Be over familiar Drop names Criticize
  • Be boring Interrupt Argue Boast

Family Question:

  • When were you born?
  • Where were you born?
  • Where do you live?
  • How long have you lived there?
  • Do you like living there?
  • Where did you live before that?
  • Did you prefer living there?
  • What do your parents do?
  • What do they think about your application for this job > Do you have any brothers or sisters?
  • What do they do?

Leisure Questions:

  • How do you Relax?
  • What Interest do you Have?
  • Do you have any Hobbies?
  • Do you like Sports?
  • Do you play and Games at all?
  • Do you belong to any Teams?
  • Do you belong to any Clubs?
  • Do you belong to any Societies?
  • What exactly Do you Do?
  • Do you read Much? What do you Read?
  • Which Newspaper do you read?
  • Why do you like it?
  • Which Page do you read first?
  • What sort of books do you read?
  • What is your favorite’s author?
  • Why do you like him/ her?

Education Questions:

  • Which School/college did you Attend?
  • How long were you there?
  • Did you like it?
  • What did you most like about School/College?
  • What did you least like about School/College?
  • What did you think of your Teachers?
  • Which was your best Subject?
  • What was your worst Subject?
  • Which was your favorite subject?
  • Which subject did you like the least?
  • Why did you choose to study these subjects?
  • What did you think of your exam results?
  • To what would you attribute your success?
  • Why did you do badly?
  • What else did you do at school/college?
  • Where you a perfect?
  • Where you in any clubs or societies?
  • Did you play for any school team?
  • What did you do during school holidays?
  • What made you decide to go to university?

“Experience’ Questions”

  • How did you get your present / last job?
  • What exactly do you do?
  • Tell me what you do in an average day?
  • What do you like most about the job?
  • What do you like least about the job?
  • What parts of the job do you find difficult?
  • What is the hardest thing you have had to do?
  • What have you achieved in the job?
  • What have you failed to achieve the job?
  • What do you think of your boss?
  • What are his / her good points?
  • What are his / her bad points?
  • Could you do his / her job better?
  • What do you think of your colleagues?
  • What do they think of you?
  • What does your boss think of you?
  • How much do you earn?
  • Why do you want to leave?
  • Why do you want to join this organization?
  • What do you know about this organization?
  • Tell me what you know about our products/service?
  • What qualities do you need for this job?
  • What can you offer?
  • Why should we employ you?

Tricky Questions:

  • How much money do you want?
  • Why have you left this section blank?
  • Where you sacked?

Sell me this!

  • What would you do if…?
  • What do you think of…?
  • Tell me all about …
  • Where will you be in ten years’ time?

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